GENEVA/BRUSSELS鈥擳he World Trade Organization found on Tuesday that the United States had breached global trading rules by imposing multi-billion dollar tariffs in President Donald Trump’s trade war with China, a ruling that drew anger from Washington.
But the WTO’s three-person panel said the U.S. duties broke trading rules because they applied only to China and were above maximum rates agreed by the United States. Washington had not then adequately explained why its measures were a justified exception, the panel concluded.
“This panel report confirms what the Trump administration has been saying for four years: the WTO is completely inadequate to stop China’s harmful technology practices,” U.S. Trade Representative Robert Lighthizer said in a statement.
The United States could appeal against Tuesday’s ruling. However, that would put the case into a legal void, because Washington has already blocked the appointment of judges to the WTO’s appellate body, preventing it from convening the minimum number required to hear cases.
The WTO panel was aware it was stepping into hot waters. It noted that it had looked only into the U.S. measures and not China’s retaliation, which Washington has not challenged at the WTO.
“The panel is very much aware of the wider context in which the WTO system currently operates, which is one reflecting a range of unprecedented global trade tensions,” the 66-page report concluded.
Trump threatened tariffs on $500 billion worth of goods during his two-year trade war with China, before signing a “Phase 1” trade deal with Beijing early this year. Extra duties are still in place on some $370 billion worth of Chinese goods.
Trump has described the WTO as “horrible” and biased towards China, threatening to quit. Josh Hawley, a Republican senator from Missouri, tweeted he should do just that: “USA should withdraw and lead the effort to abolish it.”
By Emma Farge and Philip Blenkinsop
Focus News: WTO Panel Says Washington Broke Trade Rules by Imposing Tariffs on China